As electric cars fill the streets and roads of Europe, the logical question is: where are the electric trucks? Experts point out that some of the most polluting vehicles have to deal with more development rhesus than initially expected. But the market, armed with patience, is waiting for new breakthroughs and continues to invest in the most promising technologies.
The need for solutions, whether in the form of battery electric cars (BEV) or fuel cells (hydrogen), continues to grow. The European Commission’s green course to reduce CO2 emissions is putting considerable pressure on heavy transport manufacturers.
Although lorries account for only 5% of the European Union’s transport, they emit almost half of CO2. That is why the way has been set to reduce CO2 emissions from heavy transport by 15% by 2025 and by 30% by 2030.
However, there are many “strains” on the road to decarbonisation of heavy goods vehicles, and there is a growing perception among manufacturers that relying solely on electric propulsion to achieve this decade’s goals is unduly optimistic: both in terms of cost, lack of immediate solutions and that finding them will have to solve the mass production of the new type of car. Therefore, other alternatives are needed in the short term.
“I would say that there is still a lot to improve in heavy transport. Manufacturers are looking at different options, and natural gas is currently the most developed and available alternative. Methane is the leading alternative for agricultural machinery and electricity and hydrogen for excavators and loaders in construction. True, it’s not that easy here either, because it’s more about truck parts, maintenance, and the network of filling stations is still growing. Guntars Pulss, editor of the magazine “Profi Latvija”.